What is it?
1,4-Butanediol dimethacrylate is a cross-linking methacrylate monomer used mostly in making plastic and in making glues. Industrial processes with risk of exposure are manufacturers of plastic composites. The composites industry is characterized by the use of expensive, high-performance resin systems and high-strength, high-stiffness fiber reinforcement. The aerospace industry, including military and commercial aircraft of all types, is the major customer for advanced composites. These materials have also been adopted for use by the sporting goods suppliers who sell high-performance equipment to the golf, tennis, fishing, and archery markets. This substance is also present in dental composites.
What is a monomer? It is a single molecule that has the ability to combine with identical or similar molecules, a process also known as polymerization.
Allergic contact dermatitis and asthma are the occupational diseases most likely to be encountered in this industry.
How do I avoid it?
At work, you can request a Safety Data Sheet (SDS) to help identify potential sources of exposure. You need to avoid touching plastics and glues while they are being manufactured. Interestingly, once the plastics and glues are made, you can touch them without problems. The technical language for this is as follows:
Avoidance of the monomer (unreacted chemical) is necessary to prevent recurrent allergic contact dermatitis. The full polymerized (reacted) monomer is no longer a sensitizer. There is often residual free monomer available, particularly with self-curing rather than heat-cured or ultraviolet light-cured preparations. Cross-sensitization occurs among acrylic monomers, which makes switching from one monomer to another often unsuccessful in avoiding allergic contact dermatitis. Rubber gloves do not prevent the penetration of acrylate monomers.
- Artificial nail builders
- Dental composite material
- Denture base polymers
- Sporting equipment
- Aerospace industry
Other names for 1,4-butanediol dimethacrylate:
- 1,4-Butanediol dimethacrylate
- 1,4-Butylene dimethacrylate
- 1,4-Butylene glycol dimethacrylate
- 2-Methyl-2-propenoic acid
- 2-Propenoic acid, 2-methyl-, 1,4-butanediyl ester
- BISOMER BDDMA
- Butanediol dimethacrylate
- Butylene dimethacrylate
- Methacrylic acid tetramethylene ester
- Oligotetramethylene glycol dimethacrylate
- Tetramethylene dimethacrylate
- Tetramethylene glycol dimethacrylate
- Tetramethylene methacrylate
Potential cross-reacting/co-reacting substances: